Broadband is a wireless data transmission format that is available over cable, fibre, or DSL networks. It helps transport multiple signals and traffic types over long distances with fast connectivity.

The Internet is changing civilization for the better. People are becoming more and more connected and communication has become easier because of fast connection speeds. All credit goes to the invention of the Internet, and a huge part of this success comes from broadband technology.

Initially, broadband was only used to make phone calls because it broke up the signal transmission between telephone data and internet data. Broadband makes use of various computers and other devices that interact to form infinite network connections.

This update revolutionized the concept of the internet. It brought a higher convenience in terms of downloading songs, movies, and files and much more. During its release, it provided a speed of 56kbps which online streaming platforms would not be possible. And also, it was costly to have broadband connection.

The broadband service used to be expensive, so it wasnt favored. But companies are constantly upgrading their services to better compete with other providers. After this many upgrades, people quickly became accustomed to the option of having bundled fast internet at home.

What will we learn?

  1. Types
  2. Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
  3. Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
  4. Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (SDSL)
  5. Cable Modems
  6. Satellite Internet
  7. WiFi
  8. Wireless (Cellular Broadband)
  9. Fiber-optic
  10. Measurement


As weve discussed, broadband connections are more efficient and faster than old ones including dial-up. As technology evolves, new types of broadband connections are also emerging. ISPs take into account the rural or urban area of their customer when deciding what kind of broadband to offer. There are a variety of speeds the broadband package offers, but each subscriber rate varies. Here is an overview of the high-speed broadband connections available today.

Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)

In a Digital Subscriber Line (DSL), internet traffic is sent and received using the frequency set by a telephone company to send out high speed information over ordinary phone lines.

DSL internet requires a physical modem and is subscription-based. There are two types of DSL transmission:

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) is a form of digital subscriber line that connects to the public switched telephone network. It transmits internet data and voice signals over wires, and is made up of a pair of phone connections. In case disruption occurs on one end, this has an impact on the other end as well.

Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (SDSL)

This type of DSL subscriber line (commonly known as Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line) is preferred by businesses who always need to be in contact via video conferencing.

Dont waste your time with slow internet. Find out how fast you can go with our free internet speed test tool and optimize your connection.

Cable Modems

Cable modems are comparable to DSL internet, with the exception of a cable connection instead of phone lines. Cable is faster than DSL, but speeds may vary depending on how many devices are connected and what package you have chosen.

Satellite Internet

With the introduction of satellite TV, broadband service is becoming more economical for those living in rural areas where fiber or cable connection is not feasible. It is also very reliable and fast at 17Mbps.


WiFi refers to a high-speed internet connection that can only be available within a short distance of the wireless router. Those who purchase WiFi devices from companies are often offered either a free service or hotspot zone; however, data may be intercepted as one router creates packets for another nearby location.

Wireless (Cellular Broadband)

Unusual for WiFi, this type of broadband connection is available to a single connection only, even if theres no signal. Newer smartphones can create a hotspot from their cellular data plan allowing them to mirror information to other devices on the same network.


Fibre-optic uses light to transfer data across fibre. Made of a thin glass wire inside a protective cable, it is the newest option for DSL service. Fibre-optics offer some advantages over other broadband connections—but they are not yet fully developed and still have limited service areas.


Higher bandwidth signifies a faster broadband connection. With faster speed, you can make video calls, stream online and download movies whenthese activities are quick and hassle-free.

Internet speeds can vary widely depending on the required minimum broadband speed. Here are some activities and their respective recommended internet download speed for optimum performance:

  • Web browsing: 1 Mbps
  • Video streaming (HD): 5 Mbps
  • Voice over IP: 256Kbps
  • Online gaming (real time): 256Kbp for download and upload
  • Video calling: 1Mbps

All three types of broadband share some similar features like service, speed and reliability. For the office, wired connections are best because they are more reliable and always available. For people living in areas with a cellular connection to the internet, wireless is best because its faster and more efficient. The one downside is that wireless connections can get interrupted if you go.